May 28, 2018

The Advocate's Toolbox

How My Library Doubled Its Circulation

Students at the Shawnee Mission (KS) Northwest High School library with their selected reads.

Modern life tends toward snippets of attention: push notifications and buzzing phones; multitasking and productivity hacks. Sustained focus can feel impossible, for high school students and adults.

A year ago, the English language arts (ELA) teachers at Shawnee Mission (KS) Northwest High School, where I am a librarian, were dispirited by the difficulty they were experiencing in motivating students to read the longer narratives on the curricular lists. Students weren’t completing the assigned reading, and as a result, the related classroom activities and discussions were suffering. Teachers lamented that students weren’t experiencing the positive outcomes that research has shown comes from a healthy long-form reading habit.

In his book Deep Work (Grand Central, 2016), computer scientist Cal Newport argues that sustained focus on a challenging cognitive task is the most valuable skill in our economy. And yet neuroscience research suggests that our hyper-networked world—of tweet feeds, texts, notifications, and multitasking—has a measurable impact on focus and attention.

Our classroom observations confirmed the research. So we embarked on a collaborative effort to bolster our reading culture. In less than a year, we’ve seen an astounding turnaround in circulation statistics and enthusiasm for reading. Here’s how we did it.

the model

A handful of motivated ELA teachers and I met several times during the fall of 2016. We consulted the research and settled on a few foundational imperatives for our Reading Empathy Initiative.

  • A revision of the required novel reading lists and the addition of high-interest, high-value contemporary works
  • Student choice for independent reading—and instruction on how to find books of personal interest
  • Time to choose and time to read

Teachers brought their classes to the library for instruction on how to find books of interest. I taught them how to use various digital tools: retailer recommendations based on similar books, our digital catalog, and online review sites such as Goodreads. I showed them how to find their selections, and students had browsing and checkout time.

Time is a critical piece of the process: time to search, time to browse, and time to read. We looked at a few accountability and evaluation models and let the teachers select what best met the needs of their particular students. Teachers chose from:

  • Thematic IRP (Individual Reading Project): Students select fiction, based on an essential question. Students read in class on Fridays and respond in dialectical journals (a metacognitive tool), pulling quotes that address the question. At the end of the year, they synthesize their notes into an essay.
  • Activities with Penny Kittle’s Book Love methods, including calculating reading rate and working toward improvement; a book conference with the teacher every three weeks; and a review or booktalk for the class.
  • Open structure: Students get class time to read, and when they finish one book, they immediately return to the library for a new one. They create end-of-quarter written reviews or book talks.

the result

Free reading time in the classroom.

The semester we started, we saw a jump of only 200 circulations. But this year’s circulations demonstrate a nearly threefold increase, from the mid–500s in the first quarter of the past two years to 1,356 in the first quarter of this year. I’m struggling to keep up with the cycle of checkouts and the shelving of returns—a good problem to have!

One teacher’s students are averaging 386 independent reading pages for first quarter. “I am surprised at how much I have read in the last quarter and am proud of myself for the number of pages I read,” one of the teens wrote. “I was reading more outside of class than in class, which is very new to me….When I was bored at home I could just pick up my book and start reading.”

“This has definitely caused me to read loads more than I usually would,” wrote another. “I have been pushing myself to try and read books out of my comfort zone….I have swapped TV, social media, and sometimes homework for reading. I have noticed a difference with all my school work because I am already able to read a lot faster and understand everything.”

We hear authentic conversations about books before, during, and after class. Teachers report that students are making connections between what they are reading and real-life problems and situations. At conferences, parents say their kids now reading more than they have in years.

Five tips for success

Browsing for choice reading material.

Nothing we are doing is new—all our methods have come from decades of research on reading and motivation. Our success comes from devotion to a few specific tenets:

  • Teacher and librarian enthusiasm: Students respond to the care we give teaching them to find books. If educators aren’t enthusiastic, students won’t be either. Use a growth mindset: “I don’t like to read” means “You haven’t found the right book yet.” When students read, the teacher reads too.
  • Freedom to choose: Students select books that they want to read, not ones based on reading level or any other constraint.
  • Up front instruction: Show students how to find books of interest. They don’t intuitively.
  • Time to search and browse, and time to read: It can be a challenge to carve out classroom reading time, but it pays off in spades.
  • Evaluation and evolution: Continually evaluate the process and be willing to adapt as needed.

When we launched this initiative, we asked ourselves whether the rapid pace and distracted nature of modern life meant we needed to adjust our expectations. Researchers such as Newport and Nicholas Carr, author of The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains (W.W. Norton , 2011), suggest that distraction is actively changing our brains and our habits. Since students are reading frequently—but in smaller bursts, such as text messages, tweets, and condensed articles with hyperlinked content—we wondered if focused long-form reading was still an attainable aim.

The answer is a resounding yes.

Meghan Stigge is a certified librarian at Shawnee Mission Northwest High School in Shawnee, KS.

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  1. Precious Poullard says:

    Thank you for sharing. I would like to learn a little more about the details of the initiative you and your staff engaged in. This is something I want to suggest to my principal.

  2. Erik Borne says:

    Amen! So happy to see this dedication for the sake of your scholars. Inspired by Donalyn Miller, Penny Kittle, Kelly Gallagher, and Steven Layne, I reconsidered how I engaged my high school students with reading–with an ultimate goals of becoming not only lifelong learners but also lifelong readers, which I think the latter has to come first. The librarian and I lead book talks, students recommend books to one another and keep a running list in the back of the room, students give book talks and create book trailers that are linked to the school website, students have at least 15 minutes on Tuesdays and Thursdays to read silently what they choose while I either also read or conference one-on-one with two or three students per period (BEST and most authentic conversations EVER!), and we read to enjoy the gift of story and to look at elements of writer’s craft–often a different focus each week. I read to them the first 5-7 minutes of class each day, and if I don’t, they remind me that I forgot something; they get acquainted with new authors and new genres, get to listen to a great story and engage in discussions along the way, and often want to get the book on their own because they can’t wait to see what happens next. In a school of fewer than 300 students, our circulation went from under 300 to 2670 books last school year. I am so thrilled to see colleagues who are focusing on what matters most, and I would love to connect to share ideas!

    • Meghan Stigge says:

      I apologize it took me so long to see these comments. Sounds like we have some great ideas to exchange. Please feel free to access the staff page of my school (listed above) webpage to send me an email. I’d love to exchange ideas!

  3. Nancy Williams says:

    I am also interested in learning more about the initiative you engaged in! Thank you for a terrific article

  4. Excellent article that encourages students to find their passion and develop habits that will lead to “life-long reading.

    At my high school and the others in my district we are focusing on Literacy as a vehicle to success. Reading, writing, speaking, and reasoning (and a dose of focused listening) are the goals.

  5. Pamela Hansen says:

    I would love to have more specifics on your program. I want to share this with my ELA teachers and principal.

  6. I would love to know more about the essential questions utilized when using the Thematic IRP. Are they student-generated essential questions? Is there somewhere to go to find out more information about this model? Google was less than helpful! I’ve already contacted my ELA staff and received several very enthusiastic responses. Thanks for sharing!

    • Meghan Stigge says:

      i believe the questions are teacher and student generated. Nice broad questions such as “What is friendship?”

  7. Wonderful program for high schoolers…I hope younger readers are reached, too, so that all those years of childhood can be immersed in the pleasures of reading deeply.

    Thank you, Martha F. Barkley in Charleston, SC
    Retired md. Public teacher, 1967-1997

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