February 19, 2018

The Advocate's Toolbox

Kid Lit Still Mostly White, but Diversity Gaining Ground

WisconsinStudy_2_19_15While the diversity balance in children’s literature has remained stagnant overall in the last 25 years, the number of books published for young people by people of color or featuring significant African or African American content nearly doubled in 2014, according to a report from the Cooperative Children’s Book Center (CCBC) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. There was also a slight uptick in publications featuring Asian/Pacific or Asian/Pacific American content, according to CCBC’s statistics.

The shift is a partial victory for those advocating for diversity in children’s books, who have been particularly vocal since CCBC’s annual study results released in 2013 showed that not much has changed in the representation of people of color over the past two decades. The multicultural publisher Lee & Low also disseminated those figures in a widely viewed infographic, titled “Why Hasn’t the Number of Multicultural Books Increased In Eighteen Years?”

The new CCBC report shows that the number of works for children by and about African or African Americans went from 93 titles in 2013 to 179 in 2014. Asian/Pacific or Asian/Pacific American content jumped from 69 books in 2013 to 112 in 2014. However, books featuring American Indians and Latinos were nearly the same as those collected in 2013.

“We’ve seen the same old story year after year,” CCBC Director Kathleen T. Horning said in the CCBC press release. “If the numbers rise one year, they’re likely to fall back the next year. It’s as if there has been a glass ceiling when it comes to diversity in children’s books. The numbers have stagnated throughout most of my career here.”

CCBC_updated stats_ rev

Read the full press release.

As the face of America becomes increasingly diverse, the number of children’s books by and about people of color has remained stubbornly stagnant over the past 25 years, according to annual data compiled by UW-Madison’s Cooperative Children’s Book Center.

But the most recent figures, released Wednesday, may contain a sliver of good news for those hoping that kids’ books will one day better reflect the population at large: The number of publications with significant African or African-American content nearly doubled, from 93 in 2013 to 179 in 2014. There was also an increase in the number of books with significant Asian/Pacific or Asian/Pacific American content. It jumped from 69 in 2013 to 112 in 2014.

The same can’t be said for books about American Indians and Latinos, however. The numbers for 2014 were nearly the same as those collected in 2013.

“We’ve seen the same old story year after year,” says CCBC Director Kathleen T. Horning. “If the numbers rise one year, they’re likely to fall back the next year. It’s as if there has been a glass ceiling when it comes to diversity in children’s books. The numbers have stagnated throughout most of my career here.”

The CCBC started tracking these numbers in 1985, documenting them in its annual best books listing, “CCBC Choices.” Today the center, housed within UW-Madison’s School of Education, also maintains a website devoted to multicultural literature, including lists of recommended titles by age group.

Shortly after the CCBC started documenting them, Horning noted, the statistics got the attention of the children’s book world.

“People had a sense there weren’t many books out there but they didn’t realize just how bleak it really was until they saw the actual numbers in print,” says Horning.

“The statistics that have been kept by the Cooperative Children’s Book Center are invaluable,” says Jason Low, publisher of Lee & Low Books, which is one of the few minority-owned publishing companies in the United States. “Diversity is the missing piece of the puzzle in children’s books and CCBC has had its finger on the pulse of this issue from the very beginning.”

Last March, The New York Times featured two op-ed pieces that utilized the CCBC figures on the cover of its Sunday Review section, and people haven’t stopped talking about the issue. Horning credits “We Need Diverse Books,” a grassroots movement started last spring to address the problem.

“They have really kept diversity front and center,” says Horning, noting the group’s strong social media presence.

“We Need Diverse Books” has found the CCBC’s statistics essential to its mission.

“The data published by CCBC have illustrated the notably minimal growth of diversity in children’s publishing over the last few decades, which is especially pertinent as the population of children of color in the U.S. continues to climb,” says author S.E. Sinkhorn, publicity chair of We Need Diverse Books. “It asks the question for us — why are the already small numbers staying almost exactly the same?”

For the first time in two decades, Horning sees hope on the horizon. “Even though the data we collect indicates children’s literature in this country continues to represent a mostly white world, we see signs that things are changing,” says Horning. “In 2014, for example, we saw a marked increase in the number of novels for children and teens by African-American authors.”

One of them, “Brown Girl Dreaming” by Jacqueline Woodson, won the National Book Award last fall and another, “The Crossover” by Kwame Alexander, won the Newbery Medal earlier this month. Horning also noted that an Asian-American author, Dan Santat, won this year’s Caldecott Medal.

“That’s huge because these awards have an impact on sales,” says Horning.

At the end of the day, Horning says the key to having more diverse books for children is in the hands of consumers.


Shelley Diaz About Shelley Diaz

Shelley M. Diaz (sdiaz@mediasourceinc.com) is School Library Journal's Reviews Team Manager and SLJTeen newsletter editor. She has her MLIS in Public Librarianship with a Certificate in Children’s & YA Services from Queens College, and can be found on Twitter @sdiaz101.

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