February 25, 2018

The Advocate's Toolbox

Librarians on the Common Core: Cautious Optimism

Illustration spot art by Otto Steininger fromSLJ's Cover story "What's Happening at the Core?"

Illustration spot art by Otto Steininger
from SLJ‘s Cover story “What’s Happening at the Core?”

While educators grapple with the Common Core State Standards, school librarians are finding aspects to celebrate. To start? Their jobs.

“I see it as a good thing for librarians,” says Shayne Russell, a library media specialist at Kenneth R. Olson Middle School in Tabernacle, NJ, who has been a school librarian for 17 years.

Russell believes that today’s fifth graders aren’t producing the quality of work their predecessors were a dozen years back. The CCSS is asking students to do rigorous work that they are fully capable of, in her view; she believes that many have just become used to digging less deep, through no real fault of their own. Librarians can step in and do the work they’re best at—including helping kids produce research based on multiple sources rather than a Google drive-by. “This is an opportunity to get [students] back into the library,” she says.

Deb Schiano couldn’t agree more. The school librarian at Lounsberry Hollow Middle School in Vernon, NJ, sees herself at the nexus of teachers and the new standards—with a responsibility to highlight resources teachers can use in new classroom lesson plans.

“School librarians have a huge role to play,” says Schiano. “The standards are broad. You can break them down further. There is so much more knowledge that we can add.”

School librarians’ and educators’ concerns are well known: lack of professional support in adapting their lessons; worries around finding materials; disapproval of how technology and attendant funding is being utilized for testing rather than learning; and the assessments themselves.

Even so, Russell is pleased with the CCSS’s renewed emphasis on nonfiction. She hopes to steer teachers toward periodicals and magazines that dovetail with the new requirements. Finding such materials can be a largely digital process, since many schools have canceled paper subscriptions due to cost. These materials are accessible in databases and online, and school librarians can point the way.

Professional support from librarians

Savvy librarians can provide support in broader ways. Sue Bartle, a school library system director in New York’s Erie 2-Chautauqua-Cattaraugus Board of Cooperative Educational Services, recently co-launched a new website, Common Core Lens (commoncorelens.com), which is analyzing nonfiction books to help teachers locate CCSS informational materials. The nascent site has the promise to create a taxonomy around titles and to offer details about a book’s style and viewpoint, such as whether the title is written in narrative form or contains idioms, dialects, and alliteration, she says.

Anyone may add books to the site, but they also need to spend at least an hour inputting the information requested, says Bartle, who works with 27 school districts and 97 K–12 school library media centers. She believes that her process could be augmented if more publishers added details about titles, such as point of view and text features.

“Instead, they tell people that all of their books are CCSS compliant, which isn’t true,” she says. “In a sense, they all meet Common Core, but only in a certain way. And teachers want to use the best part of the book that is best for the Common Core.”

Professional support for teachers is also high on Jenn Bogard’s list. As a preK–6 literacy coach for a 35-school district in South Berwick, ME, Bogard works with teachers at three schools to help them examine literacy standards and create CCSS lesson plans.

Educators meet for six-week cycles, focusing on instructional practices, model lessons, or book clubs. These cycles rotate, helping them to focus their lessons on grade-level issues, says Bogard, a former elementary school teacher.

Topics range from teaching students how to read across texts in meaningful, purposeful ways to strategies for developing close reading skills and critical thinking.

“It’s a powerful way to make sure everyone feels supported,” she says. “There’s a lot more team work.”

To Scott McLeod, support for teachers is also critical. But as the director of innovation at the Prairie Lakes Area Education Agency in Iowa, McLeod has been primarily focused on technology roll-out associated with the CCSS—which for many states includes online assessments for students.

McLeod, who oversees 12 private schools and 45 public school districts, questions today’s emphasis on purchasing digital materials for online testing, rather than student learning.

“I want kids to use technology,” he says. “But I want them to use it to empower them in a digital world. That concerns me.”

McLeod worries about the emphasis on assessments, with scores calibrated so that a majority will fail “right off the bat,” he says.

“Some states have set rates so high that they will not pass,” he says. “That does not do anyone good service.”

Wendy Stephens, a librarian at Cullman High School in Alabama, also worries about testing. She believes that some attacks on the CCSS would be better directed at the tests.

When “the standards are being brushed and tarred,” that vitriol “should be saved for the assessments,” she says. “There’s a lot of money being made on assessments, and we should be looking at what they’re doing and if they really are necessary.”

Alabama is in the midst of a political battle to repeal CCSS. In the meantime, Stephens has made it her job to help teachers understand the new standards, in particular the assessments, so they know what students will be asked during testing.

Long-term, Stephens believes that students and teachers will be able to meet the requirements with less worry. “There was a lot of anxiety last year,” she says. “But now with implementation, there’s less, as they’re finding they’re meeting the standards without having to change too much.”

This article was published in School Library Journal's February 2014 issue. Subscribe today and save up to 35% off the regular subscription rate.

Lauren Barack About Lauren Barack

School Library Journal contributing editor Lauren Barack writes about the connection between media and education, business, and technology. A recipient of the Loeb Award for online journalism, she can be found at www.laurenbarack.com.



  1. Common Core? Big yawn. Public school libraries have always supported curriculum, and testing. While the book vendors have gone ga ga (another way to sell books!) we’re still left holding the bag with cut/tiny budgets, and little understanding from staff of what we do. I think deep thoughts about common core doing bus, lunch duty, and tech support. Since many elementary school librarians aren’t teachers, but paras, we don’t write lesson plans. We do this old time thing- check out and promote reading books. While I teach some tech, that’s a classroom thing. I don’t have time, with 2 hours a day not even spent in my own library. I see classes once a week, during teacher prep time. Common Core, with all the training I’ve had, is primarily a classroom thing. Big yawn… From Boise, Idaho

  2. Anne-Marie says:

    I’m an elementary school librarian. I do have concerns about Common Core (mainly its implementation in some states, and the ties to high-stakes testing) but on the whole, it is an opportunity for school librarians. Common Core provides a common language for classroom teachers and librarians–when collaborating, they can agree to focus on particular standards, for example. CCSS specifically calls for discussion, for thoughtful reading, for the use of technology–all good matches to what goes on in a school library. A focus on these standards should be happening REGARDLESS of whether the librarian is teaching with the teacher, teaching alone, providing a planning break, or providing support at to an entire district. Even in districts where there’s no certified school librarian, if instruction is happening, it should be rooted in CCSS if the state has adopted the standards.

    (Which is not to say that CCSS is some kind of holy grail–good teaching is good teaching, and has been happening in lots of classrooms and libraries across the country years before the CCSS movement began to gain momentum.)

    I was a little disappointed in the opening line of this article. To say that “educators” are “grappling” with the core while on the other hand, librarians are doing something else (“finding aspects to celebrate”) implies that school librarians are not educators. I don’t think that was the intent of the author, but it was unfortunate phrasing.