Let’s say you’re standing in a classroom of 30 students, evenly split between male and female students. If you go by current statistics, anywhere from three to five of the girls and one to three of the boys will have been the victim of some type of sexual abuse or sexual violence (SV) by the age of 18, according to the Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network (RAINN). In other words, up to one out of three girls and one out of five boys experience SV by 18. Many suggest that the numbers are actually higher, due to underreporting. A sexual assault occurs every two minutes in the US, according to RAINN.
As a youth librarian specializing in young adult services and literature for almost 20 years, I used to hold that information at bay, somewhere in the back of my mind, while I read. The statistics came to the fore in 2011, when I was reading the speculative fantasy Monstrous Beauty (Farrar, 2012) by Elizabeth Fama. Hester, a teenage girl, knows that falling in love will be the death of her, as other women in her family have inexplicably perished after that momentous event.
The book also includes two scenes in which Hester is sexually harassed or intimidated; in one case, practically assaulted. As Hester stands in a cave on the edge of the beach, a boy from school approaches her. He starts to get handsy with her. Hester’s fear is starting to bubble over, until a mysterious boy comes to the rescue. At first, these scenes seemed out of place in terms of the rest of the story. But as I thought about it, maybe they weren’t.
After that, I really began to think about my own life. I wrote a blog post, “What It’s Like for a Girl: How Monstrous Beauty by Elizabeth Fama made me think about the politics of sexuality in the life of girls,” on my site, Teen Librarian Toolbox, outlining the times I’d experienced the same kinds of things. Teens began to share their stories with me. Regarding their experiences of sexual violence and abuse, they told me that it’s just the way things are, the way they always had been, and the way they always would be. There was no hope for change in their words.
Around this time, I also began reading articles about the author Laurie Halse Anderson’s work on the behalf of RAINN, for which she is an advocate and spokesperson. Anderson’s book Speak (Farrar, 1999) is perhaps one of the most powerful works written on the topic of sexual violence in the life of a teen. Books, we believe, can help us peel back the layers of life. They make us think. They make us question. They help us build compassion and reveal truths and give victims a voice. They are tools we can use to help change a culture by actively engaging in dialogue with teens and the adults—parents, teachers, leaders—who care about them.
Out of these ideas, the Sexual Violence in YA Literature (#SVYALit) project was born. It’s a project on Teen Librarian Toolbox, and I run it with authors Christa Desir, Carrie Mesrobian, and Trish Doller.
Our goals are simple: To discuss sexual violence in the lives of teens and in YA literature on a bimonthly basis, and to raise awareness of the issues and titles that can be used to discuss the topics with teens. To give librarians, educators, and parents the tools to evaluate and discuss these topics in the lives of teens, and to promote teen reading and literature.
It takes place in two parts. In the first, we are holding a variety of live online book discussions about titles involving SV and the issues within. In the second piece, we made a Tumblr to create an archive and hub to share the resources we compile. A variety of authors and librarians will be participating to help build the resources.
In the end, we hope that others will be able to utilize these tools to engage teens in thoughtful dialogue about difficult issues. As Carrie Mesrobian says, “I think conversations about sex and sexual violence need to be constant. If we want people to understand the problem of sexual violence and abuse, we need to be talking about sex more in general and not in a scandalized nervous-laughter way or a joking ‘isn’t-that-naughty’ way.”
She adds, “Books are a great entrance into these conversations, because people are often not used to talking candidly about sex and sexual violence in their own lives.”
Books are a safe way to help teens process topics we know they are thinking about. Here are some things you can do in your library to get the discussion going in your library—and also implement ways to help teens who themselves have been impacted by SV.
- Contact your local hospital and see if they have a SANE nurse (Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner). SANE nurses can come to your school and library and give talks about healthy relationships, consent, unhealthy and abusive relationships, recognizing the signs of sexual violence and more. They will usually do this for free as part of their outreach.
- Put together a panel of local communities who work with youth to discuss the various resources in your immediate community that can help teens. Or have a health fair and include this type of information.
- Have a book discussion group on the various titles we are discussing in SVYALit, and watch the author discussion panels.
- At the very least, share relevant information with your community by building displays, putting together booklists and resources, and discussion guides. For example, a variety of discussion guides for Speak can be found online.
There is evidence to suggest that promoting gender equality can help decrease sexual violence. So consider creating integrated book displays based on themes like plagues, dystopians, action and adventure, etc. instead of promoting gendered displays like “boy books” and “girl books.” See also: Boys Will Be Boys and Girls Will Be Accomodating by author Laurel Snyder.
All of our virtual panels will be Google Hangouts on Air at 12pm ET. Here’s a more detailed look at the some of the titles we talk about. We’ve got a lot coming up, but off the bat, our March 26 event, will feature guests Stephanie Kuehn, author of Charm & Strange (St. Martin’s, 2013), Rachele Alpine, who wrote Canary (Medallion Pr., 2013), and Brendan Kiely, author of The Gospel of Winter (S. & S., 2014).